The 7 Hallmarks of Effective Feedback
We believe that providing effective feedback to students is a teachable skill that can be acquired and improved through practice and coaching. We use a standard framework to teach, provide and evaluate effective feedback. Our framework is adapted from renowned educator Grant Wiggins' article, "The Seven Keys of Effective Feedback". We teach this framework (and more) at Graide Academy.
Feedback on student work should be tied to specific, measurable learning goals, objectives, or standards. You understand the goals for the student by reading the assignment prompt, rubric and any additional instructions given to the student. When giving feedback, try to link your feedback and comments to the rubric components and prompt, using similar language if possible. This helps students understand where they in relation to stated goals.
Feedback should be clear and concise. Prioritize your comments on the areas of strength and growth that will have the greatest impact on the student’s writing. Feedback that it is easy for the student to internalize and implement is most effective. You can’t provide feedback on each aspect of the student work. So it is your judgement call on which areas you focus on.
Feedback must include descriptive statements that enable the student to take action. This means the feedback should directly reference the student work. It’s not enough to tell our students what to do, our role is to provide the students with descriptive data that leads them to take an action. This will enable the student to development their own action plan to drive their work forward.
Feedback must be personalized so that it reaches the student. To make feedback personalized, respond like a reader who is seeking to understand what the student has written.
Ongoing, Consistent and Timely
To be effective, feedback must also be ongoing, consistent, and timely. This means that students need ample opportunities to use feedback and that feedback must be accurate, trustworthy and stable. When feedback isn’t timely, students are disengaged and demotivated. Teachers are responsible for building in regular feedback loops into their practice. Graiders are responsible for meeting all deadlines and delivering consistent, calibrated feedback.