The 7 Hallmarks of Effective Feedback


Feedback should be tied to specific, measurable learning goals, objectives, or standards. To achieve this, it’s important to reference the rubric. When using a rubric, try to link your feedback and comments to the rubric components, using similar language if possible. This helps students understand where they in relation to stated goals.

Feedback must be descriptive and specific to each student - clear, personalized, and granular. It’s important to make direct references to the student work and cite specific examples of things they did well and things they need to work on. Use quotation marks or highlighting tools to indicate the portion of the writing on which you are commenting. This level of detail allows students to more clearly understand their performance.


There needs to be a clear next step for the student - either for revision or future assignments. Feedback that students can’t implement leads to more questions than answers. Your goal should be to equip the student with a clear action plan to drive their work forward.


Feedback must be understandable to the learner - tangible, transparent, and user-friendly. It’s important to keep feedback “bite-sized” and concrete so students don’t get lost in the weeds. Feedback that it is easy for the student to internalize and implement is most effective.

Ongoing, Consistent and Timely

To be effective, feedback must also be ongoing, consistent, and timely. This means that students need ample opportunities to use feedback and that feedback must be accurate, trustworthy and stable. When feedback isn’t timely, students are disengaged and demotivated. As a Graider, it is your job to meet all deadlines and ensure you deliver consistent, calibrated feedback.